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apache

服务器安全 webadmin 2020-03-25 06:00:09 查看评论 加入收藏

############apache的安装###############

vim /etc/yum.repos.d/rhel_dvd.repo
yum install -y httpd
systemctl start httpd
systemctl stop firewalld
systemctl enable httpd
systemctl disable firewalld



#############apache的信息###################

1.Apache主配置文件:
 /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf
2.监听端口:80
3.apache的默认发布文件
index.html
4.apache的默认发布目录
/var/www/html


#############apache的基本设置####################


[root@localhost ~]# cd /var/www/html
[root@localhost html]# ls
[root@localhost html]# vim /var/www/html/westos.html
   1 <h2>westos's page</h2>
[root@localhost html]# vim /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf
 166 <IfModule dir_module>
 167     DirectoryIndex westos.html index.html
 168 </IfModule>
[root@localhost html]# cd
[root@localhost ~]# mkdir /westos/www/html
[root@localhost ~]# mkdir /westos/www/test -p
   1 /westos/www/test/westos.html's page
[root@localhost ~]# vim /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf          
119 #DocumentRoot "/var/www/html"
120 DocumentRoot "/westos/www/test"
121 <Directory "/westos/www/test">
122       Require all granted
123 </Directory>
[root@localhost ~]# getenforce
Enforcing
[root@localhost ~]# setenforce 0
[root@localhost ~]# getenforce
Permissive
[root@localhost ~]# systemctl restart httpd
测试
apache


############apache用户访问设置##########

[root@localhost html]# mkdir admin
[root@localhost admin]# vim admin
 1 <h2>admin's page</h2>
[root@localhost html]# ls
admin  index.html  westos.html
[root@localhost html]# cd admin/
[root@localhost admin]# ls
[root@localhost admin]# vim admin
[root@localhost admin]# vim /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf
119 DocumentRoot "/var/www/html"
120 #DocumentRoot "/westos/www/test"
121 <Directory "/westos/www/test">
122       Require all granted
123 </Directory>
124 <Directory "/var/www/html/admin">     #####只允许75主机进行访问
125       Order Deny,Allow
126       Allow from 172.25.254.75
127       Deny from All
128 </Directory>
171 <IfModule dir_module>
172     DirectoryIndex admin westos.html index.html
173 </IfModule>
[root@localhost admin]# systemctl restart httpd

测试

apache


[root@localhost admin]# vim /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf
119 DocumentRoot "/var/www/html"
120 #DocumentRoot "/westos/www/test"
121 <Directory "/westos/www/test">
122       Require all granted
123 </Directory>
124 <Directory "/var/www/html/admin">             ####允许其他用户访问,但不允许75主机访问
125       Order Allow,Deny
126       Allow from All
127       Deny from 172.25.254.75
128 </Directory>

[root@localhost admin]# systemctl restart httpd

测试

apache
[root@localhost admin]# cd /etc/httpd
[root@localhost httpd]# ls
conf  conf.d  conf.modules.d  logs  modules  run
[root@localhost httpd]# htpasswd -cm /etc/httpd/accessuser admin
New password:
Re-type new password:
Adding password for user admin
[root@localhost httpd]# cat /etc/httpd/accessuser
admin:$apr1$hLx1MnNl$J9vtdAFtpX2BjL6eMD22x.
[root@localhost httpd]# vim /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf
119 DocumentRoot "/var/www/html"    #####允许有密码的用户访问
120 #DocumentRoot "/westos/www/test"
121 <Directory "/westos/www/test">
122       Require all granted
123 </Directory>
124 <Directory "/var/www/html/admin">
125      AuthUserFile /etc/httpd/accessuser  ###用户认证文件
126      AuthName "please input your name and password !!"        ###用户认证提示信息
127      AuthType basic               ###认证类型
128      Require valid-user           ###认证用户,认证文件中所用的用户可以通过
129 </Directory>
[root@localhost httpd]# systemctl restart httpd


测试
apache
###############CGI#####################
[root@localhost html]# yum install -y php
[root@localhost html]# systemctl restart httpd
[root@localhost html]# vim index.php
   1 <?php
   2         phpinfo();
   3 ?>
[root@localhost html]# cd /etc/httpd/conf.d
[root@localhost conf.d]# ls
autoindex.conf  php.conf  README  userdir.conf  welcome.conf
[root@localhost conf.d]# mkdir /var/www/html/cgi
[root@localhost conf.d]# cd /var/www/html/cgi
[root@localhost cgi]# ls
[root@localhost cgi]# vim index.cgi
   1 #!/usr/bin/perl
   2 print "Content-type: text/html\n\n";
   3 print `date`;
[root@localhost cgi]# perl index.cgi
Content-type: text/html
2017年  5月 16日 火曜日 07:24:23 EDT
[root@localhost cg i]# chmod +x index.cgi
[root@localhost cgi]# vim /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf
130 <Directory "/var/www/html/cgi">
131        Options +ExecCGI
132        AddHandler cgi-script .cgi
133 </Directory>
176 <IfModule dir_module>
177     DirectoryIndex index.cgi admin westos.html index.html
178 </IfModule>
[root@localhost cgi]# systemctl restart httpd

测试apache


############apache虚拟主机##############
1.定义
可以让我们的一台apache服务器访问不同域名时显示不同的网页

2.建立测试页
mkdir virtual/news.westos.com -p
mkdir virtual/money.westos.com -p
mkdir virtual/news.westos.com/html -p
mkdir virtual/money.westos.com/html -p
echo "new.westos.com's page" >virtual/news.westos.com/html/index.html
echo "money.westos.com's page" >virtual/money.westos.com/html/index.html
3.配置
vim /etc/httpd/conf.d/default.conf      ##指定域名的访问都访问default
  1 <Virtualhost     _default_:80>      ##虚拟主机开启的端口
  2           DocumentRoot "/var/www/html" ##虚拟主机的默认发布目录
  3           CustomLog "logs/default.log" combined  ##虚拟主机的日志
  4 </Virtualhost>
vim /etc/httpd/conf.d/news.conf       ##指定域名news.westos.com访问到默认发布目录
  1 <Virtualhost *:80>
  2          ServerName "news.westos.com"
  3          DocumentRoot "/var/www/virtual/news.westos.com/html"
  4          CustomLog "logs/news.log" combined
  5 </Virtualhost>
  6 <Directory "/var/www/virtual/news.westos.com/html">    ##默认发布目录的访问授权
  7           Require all granted
  8 </Directory>
vim /etc/httpd/conf.d/money.conf     ####指定域名money.westos.com访问到默认发布目录
  1 <Virtualhost *:80>
  2          ServerName "money.westos.com"
  3          DocumentRoot "/var/www/virtual/money.westos.com/html"
  4          CustomLog "logs/news.log" combined
  5 </Virtualhost>
  6 <Directory "/var/www/virtual/money.westos.com/html"> ####默认发布目录的访问授权
  7           Require all granted
  8 </Directory>
3.在客户主机中添加解析
vim /etc/hosts
 127.0.0.1   localhost localhost.localdomain localhost4 localhost4.localdomain4
::1         localhost localhost.localdomain localhost6 localhost6.localdomain6
172.25.254.250  content.example.com
172.25.254.195 www.westos.com news.westos.com money.westos.com
~                     
测试

apache

apache



###############https###############
yum install -y mod_ssl
yum install -y crypto-utils
systemctl stop firewalld
genkey www.westos.com
apacheapache

apache

apache

apache


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